Some Brief Miscellaneous Notes on Ormus-Related Topics
last revision date: 04/12/2013
Brief Commentary on Negative Ions and Ormus
There has been a new flurry of discussion on the ormus list groups lately about "negative ions" and their possible relationship to ormus. While I am somewhat restricted in what I may say here due to proprietary concerns on behalf of my consulting clients in the ormus field, it has been my observation over the years that atomic hydrogen and negative ion species of hydrogen can play an important role in helping to create ormus elements from "normal" metallic or ionic forms and also in helping, in aqueous solutions, to protect some ormus forms of some elements from premature destruction / evaporation / sublimation / conversion to normal form. There is also considerable evidence that exposure to atomic hydrogen and negative ion species of hydrogen can potentize many ormus-like effects.
Brief Commentary on Tourmaline, Tourmaline Ceramics and "Negative Ion Ceramics"
There has been a lot of discussion on ormus list groups and other list groups lately about negative ions, particularly allegations made about the ability of tourmaline sand and special tourmaline ceramics and negative ion ceramics to produce large amounts of "negative ions" in water. Regarding some mentions of tourmaline and also "negative ion ceramic balls" from Asian vendors: it is true that a great many websites claim that tourmaline and also tourmaline ceramics (i.e., small balls, etc.) and some related ceramics called "negative ion ceramics" produce copious quantities of negative ions in air and water, and it seems that the author of the post is perhaps repeating those claims. The reality seems to be a bit fuzzier: Much as I related today to John Milewski on the phone, I purchased many months ago some powdered black tourmaline, also known as black tourmaline sand. And, about mid-last year, I also identified a manufacturer in China which makes a large portion of the higher-quality "tourmaline ceramics" and "negative ion ceramics" used in China and Japan to make "negative ion ceramic" appliances (i.e., hair dryers, hair rollers, hair curling irons, devices for producing "negative ion water" and "active hydrogen water" and ceramic-based negative ion room air treatment devices) and purchased from them and imported a few kg each of their tourmaline ceramic balls and negative ion ceramic balls (and also their "energy balls") for use in my testing. By the way, the spec sheet for the negative ion ceramic balls (which contain tourmaline and other gemstones as well as ceramic powder) reads as follows:
Negative Ion Ceramic Ball
Negative Ion Ceramic Ball is based on tourmaline, porcelain clay and high grade clay, with some other ingredients, including maifan stone, negative ion powder (mixture of zinc, calcium and magnesium compounds), and CaCo3. It is for use in water purifier, water supply, textile and health care products, etc. It has functions such as generating minus ion, electrolyzing water, reducing molecule group cluster size of water, radiating FIR (far infrared ray), and releasing effective minim (sic) mineral substance. The feature of the product is discharging amounts of negative ions, up to ~1500-2000 p/cm3 anion.
Easy to be activated by water and air and bring ~1000-5000 p/cm3 anion; effectively keep the balance of ion and accelerate metabolism of human body; adjust the acidity structure of water in bi-direction; alleviate bones and muscles ache of human body.
Please note that the vendors in China and Korea were very honest and open with me in stating that they felt that the tourmaline powder alone found in their ceramic balls (these ceramic balls are roughly the size of BB's) does not have much effect in generating negative ions, and rather, that for their "negative ion ceramics" they add the same compounds which have been commonly used in Asia in manufacture of "negative ion ceramics" since the late 1980s or early 1990s, namely, compounds which make available ions of calcium, sodium, copper, magnesium and zinc.
Once all my samples were at hand, I then proceeded to test in my lab both the black tourmaline sand and the two types of ceramic balls from China. While I feel that tourmaline (and tourmaline sand) has some interesting properties, what I found in my lab tests where I tested black tourmaline sand and the ceramic balls by placing them in beakers (some samples were stirred regularly, others were allowed to sit unstirred) filled with (unfiltered) mountain well water, comparing them to controls (beakers filled with the same water, but untreated) was that the ORP (aka redox potential) of the water shifted only a very tiny amount downward in the tourmaline treatment condition, even after many hours of exposure time, and while it did eventually shift about 100 mv. downward (i.e., toward the reducing or antioxidant range) in the negative ion ceramic ball beaker, the downward ORP shift was accompanied by a concomitant appropriate rise in pH toward the alkaline region, much as predicted by Clark's and Nernst's equations for the interplay of pH and ORP when pH shifts toward the alkaline region, and thus, when I plugged the pH scores and ORP scores into the formula for relative hydrogen score (aka RH or RH2), I discovered that the shift in ORP was only as would be expected for a pH shift of that size, and no greater than if I had added a bit of NaOH or KOH to the tap water to raise the pH an equal amount; in other words, the ORP shift was ONLY an artifact of pH shift, and an artifact which was, and is, totally predicted by the norms derived from Clark's and Nernst's equations for ORP and hydrogen score.
By the way, I WAS able to get the water in the negative ion ceramic treatment beaker to exhibit a much more impressive downward shift -- on the order of over 200 mv. -- in ORP when I added a bit of acid (malic acid or citric acid) to the water to elicit greater output of negative ions (from the available calcium, zinc and magnesium ions present in the ceramic), and in this case, the pH, of course, shifted to the acidic range, and hence, the RH score really did shift significantly toward the reductive range, thus indicating that the downward shift in ORP was "real". Unfortunately, I also observed two additional concomitant facts:
1) My act of doping the water with acid also caused the water in the beaker to emit an odor of hydrogen sulfide! When I asked my Chinese vendor about this phenomenon, they sheepishly admitted that the "harmless natural anti-microbial substance " which they add to all their ceramic balls/products is a zinc sulfide compound, and that thus any appreciable acidity in the water will cause release of H2S gas when the ceramics are exposed to the acidity! Sigh! BTW, I noticed this acid-mediated release of H2S with all three of the ceramic ball products from this Chinese vendor; my vendor in Korea later confirmed that they use the same or a similar material in their tourmaline and negative ion ceramic balls.
2) The bizarre and unexpected H2S gas issue aside, there is another fact as well: since the accelerated downward shift in ORP which was precipitated by the addition of acid to the water was due to interaction of the acid with Ca, Zn and Mg ions present in the ceramic balls, the ceramic balls will exhibit a relatively short useful lifetime before most of their "negative ion generating" capacity is depleted if used in such an "acid-boosted" mode, and my findings were that in general the ceramic balls had depleted most of their usable stores of Ca, Zn and Mg ions within six days of sitting in mildly acidic water.
Much of what I observed and related above -- regarding ORP shift and acid acceleration (and H2S release) for the negative ion ceramic balls was also true for the tourmaline ceramic balls, with the annotation that in both cases (normal and acid-accelerated) the total downward ORP shift was less than noticed with the negative ion ceramic balls.
BTW, so far the tourmaline sand DOES NOT exhibit the acid-challenged release of anions (with concomitant significant drop in ORP) as seen with the negative ion ceramic balls. This is due to several factors: the tourmaline sand -- unlike the ceramic balls -- is not a porous ceramic, and rather, exhibits very low porosity and very low perfusion; the tourmaline has very little in the way of free and available Ca, Zn and Mg ions on its surfaces with which to react with acids in water and thus release "negative ions". Thus, acids do not increase the "negative ion" effect in tourmaline...
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